Trade remedies and trade defence Instruments

Statement of need

The course provides an in-depth analysis of the implementation aspects of trade defence instruments. In this context, it focuses on safeguard measures, anti-dumping and subsidies and countervailing measures. The course is cast within the regional integration context while also capturing key aspects of trade defence instruments’ applicability in global trade. The course is offered in the realization of the fact that most sub-Saharan African countries have a low conceptualization of trade defence instruments as well as the fact that they are generally ill-equipped to make use of these instruments under potentially legitimate circumstances. Therefore, the course covers a triad of instruments, namely, dumping, subsidies and countervailing measures and safeguards. Under dumping, the key areas of concentration are fact-based investigation in establishing requisite conditions for the application of the particular measure; analysis of WTO disciplines related to anti-dumping and; various anti-dumping procedures and investigations.

Course Objectives

  • Conceptualize various trade defence instruments
  • Discern and distinguish regional and international dimensions of trade defence instruments application
  • Acquire hands-on skills on how to carry out trade defence investigations and apply requisite measures
  • Acquiring conceptual, theoretical and applied knowledge of regulatory aspects of international trade and the right to regulate.
  • Identifying and opining regulatory aspects of international trade in goods and improved trade defence instruments.
  • Understanding the rationale behind the adoption, maintenance and changes of trade defence instruments, such as anti-dumping or anti-subsidy duties, are ways of protecting against international trade distortions.
  • Exposing participants to the political economy questions of domestic, regional and international trade regulation with trade defence instruments based on World Trade Organization rules. 
  • Exposé of best practices in trade in goods and services regulation through case studies on different Trade Defence Instruments to tackle unfair trade.


  • The rationale for trade remedies
  • Trade Remedies for unfairly traded goods
  • Trade Remedies for fairly traded goods
  • Treatment of trade remedies under the WTO, AfCFTA and SADC
  • Trade defence instruments (TDIs) to make sure they become more effective
  • Investigating allegations of dumped and subsidised imports from third countries.
  • Competition policy and unfair competition or a sudden increase in imports: anti-dumping measures, anti-subsidy measures, and safeguards.
  • Key features of substantive WTO law: MFN and national treatment; tariff and non-tariff barriers; general and security exceptions; the impact of human rights, environmental protection and sustainable development; dispute settlement mechanism
  • Concrete operation of the WTO dispute settlement mechanism

Target group

Officials from Trade and Trade Related Ministries and parastatals, officials from Regional Economic Communities, Negotiators, and Regional Integration Practitioners. Ministries of law including attorney general offices, ministries of foreign affairs, ministries of trade and finance etc

2 Weeks

a) Venue 1: Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Date: 7 – 18 October 2024

b) Venue 2: Lilongwe, Malawi
Date: 7 – 18 October 2024

Course Fees



    Self EmployedEmployedNot Employed

    Puplic/ParastatalPrivateRegional/Civic organisationsAcademic Institution

    Dar es SalaamLilongwe